At the signing, Ribbentrop and Stalin had cordial talks, exchanged toasts, and continued to talk about earlier hostilities between countries in the 1930s.  They characterized Britain as always trying to disrupt German-Soviet relations, declaring that the anti-Comintern pact was not directed against the Soviet Union, but in fact against Western democracies, and “mainly frightened the City of London [British financiers] and English traders.”  On March 15, 1939, Nazi Germany invaded Czechoslovakia, breaking the agreement it had signed with Britain and France in Munich the previous year. The invasion shook the British and French leaders, convincing them that Adolf Hitler, the German chancellor, could not be trusted to abide by his agreements and that he would likely continue to commit aggression until he was arrested by force or mass deterrence. At that time, after several Gestapo-NKVD conferences, Soviet NKVD officers also conducted lengthy interrogations of 300,000 Polish prisoners of war in camps, which were a selection process to determine who would be killed.  On March 5, 1940, during the subsequent Katyn massacre, 22,000 military and intellectuals were executed, labeled “nationalists and counter-revolutionaries,” or held in camps and prisons in western Ukraine and Belarus. [Citation needed] Gadin suggested that Europe`s interpretation of war was inaccurate. “I`m not for the Soviet Union – I didn`t like a lot about it. But the way World War II is portrayed in Europe is not correct,” he told RFE/RL, without giving details. “There`s a feeling that you`re afraid of us or just don`t understand us.” Zhanna Shishmaryova, a 30-year-old marketer, said she had never heard of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. But like Gadin and others interviewed in the Russian capital, she claimed that Europe was wasting the historical record in order to downplay or camouflage the Soviet Union`s role in the conquest of fascism. “I don`t like the way Europe portrays war.
I think the United States, in collaboration with other countries, has tried to distort the truth about what happened. “They say Russia did not participate,” Shishmaryova said, without specifying who in the West makes such claims. “But we have lost so many people in this war.” Galina Kotova, a 25-year-old doctor, agreed. Like Gadin, she had not heard of the pact, but had hinted that the West was defiling Russia`s past. “They always blame us for something,” she said. “That`s always been the case.” It is doubtful that the children of today`s Russian classes will learn the whole story of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. In September 2016, three history textbooks were approved by the Ministry of Education, all obscuring Stalin`s crimes and his non-aggression pact with Hitler. Soviet goods were transported via Brest-Litovsk and occupied Polish territories, where they were transferred to the European gauge to be transported to Germany.
 The Soviets also granted Germany the right to transit on Soviet-controlled railway lines to and from Romania, Iran, Afghanistan and other eastern countries, while reducing freight rates to Andchukuo, which was under Japanese control, by 50%.  The agreement established periods of exploitation during which the Soviet Union would send large quantities of raw materials, including food, oil and metals, to Germany.  On August 23, 1939, the German Foreign Minister`s plane landed in Moscow. Joachim von Ribbentrop had reluctantly interrupted his summer vacation in Salzburg to sign a contract that he already considered already decided. Talks between Britain, France and the Soviet Union on a possible tripartite alliance had just failed. The great threat had just been avoided; everything else, according to Ribbentrop, has faded in his direction. The raw materials that Germany had obtained from the Soviets through the 1940 agreement supported the German war effort against the Soviet Union from 1941 onwards. Joseph Stalin remarked in a discussion with members of the Politburo: “The ship you bought from an expected enemy corresponds to two ships – one more with you and one less with the enemy.” A few days later, on 1 September, the German Wehrmacht invaded Poland, and on 17 September the Red Army approached from the east. .